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Porcine Parvovirus Antibody ELISA kit, 192 tests Monitor Disease (Serum)

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[#AE-200170-2] Porcine Parvovirus Antibody ELISA kit, 192 tests Monitor Disease (Serum)


AE-200170-2 | Porcine Parvovirus Antibody ELISA kit, 192 tests Monitor Disease (Serum), 2x96 kit
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Pubmed ID :29377751
Publication Date : //
The wild boar ( Sus scrofa) population has increased markedly during the last three decades in Sweden and in other parts of Europe. This population growth may lead to increased contact between the wild boar and the domestic pig ( Sus scrofa scrofa), increasing the risk of transmission of pathogens. The objective of our study was to estimate the seroprevalence of selective pathogens, known to be shared between wild boars and domestic pigs in Europe, in three wild boar populations in Sweden. In total, 286 hunter-harvested female wild boars were included in this study. The sera were analyzed for antibodies against nine pathogens using different commercial or in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Antibodies were detected against porcine parvovirus (78.0%), porcine circovirus type 2 (99.0%), swine influenza virus (3.8%), Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (17.5%), Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (24.8%), and Toxoplasma gondii (28.6%). No antibodies were detected against porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus, Brucella suis, or Mycobacterium bovis. Our results highlight the potential importance of the wild boar as a reservoir for pathogens potentially transmissible to domestic pigs and which also may affect human health.

Authors : Malmsten Anna, Magnusson Ulf, Ruiz-Fons Francisco, González-Barrio David, Dalin Anne-Marie,

(2) Seroprevalence of economically important viral pathogens in swine populations of Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :28523387
Publication Date : //
The objective of this study was to evaluate the seroprevalence and identify the strains of swine influenza virus (SwIV), as well as the seroprevalence of porcine parvovirus (PPV), transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), porcine respiratory coronavirus (PRCV), porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2), and classical swine fever virus (CSFV) in pigs in Trinidad and Tobago (T&T). Blood samples (309) were randomly collected from pigs at farms throughout T&T. Serum samples were tested for the presence of antibodies to the aforementioned viruses using commercial ELISA kits, and the circulating strains of SwIV were identified by the hemagglutination inhibition test (HIT). Antibodies against SwIV were detected in 114 out of the 309 samples (37%). Out of a total of 26 farms, 14 tested positive for SwIV antibodies. HI testing revealed high titers against the A/sw/Minnesota/593/99 H3N2 strain and the pH1N1 2009 pandemic strain. Antibodies against PPV were detected in 87 out of the 309 samples (28%), with 11 out of 26 farms testing positive for PPV antibodies. Antibodies against PCV-2 were detected in 205 out of the 309 samples tested (66%), with 25 out of the 26 farms testing positive for PCV-2 antibodies. No antibodies were detected in any of the tested pigs to PRRSV, TGEV, PRCV, or CSFV.

Authors : Sookhoo Jamie R V, Brown-Jordan Arianne, Blake Lemar, Holder Ridley B, Brookes Sharon M, Essen Stephen, Carrington Christine V F, Brown Ian H, Oura Christopher A L,

(3) Dynamics of vanishing of maternally derived antibodies of Ungulate protoparvovirus 1 suggests an optimal age for gilts vaccination.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :28470582
Publication Date : //
The prevention of Ungulate protoparvovirus 1 (UPV1) infection and consequently the reproductive losses is based on vaccination of all pigs intended for breeding. As maternally derived antibodies (MDA) can interfere with the development of immunity following vaccination, it is important to know the duration of anti-UPV1 MDA to determine the optimal age for the best vaccination efficacy. To elucidate the association between dam and piglet antibody levels against UPV1 and to estimate the decrease rate of MDA, sera and colostrum of 127 gilts (before the first vaccination against UPV1; 15 days after the second vaccine dose; at farrowing; and during the second pregnancy) and sera of 276 piglets (prior to initial colostrum intake; at 7, 21, 57, 87, and 128 days-old) were tested by ELISA. Most gilts (85.8%) had anti-UPV1 antibodies before vaccination and after vaccination all were positive. At 7 days old, the majority of the piglets had anti-UPV1 antibodies, but around 57 days old, only 35.3% were positive and at 87 days old, all were negative. The estimated average half-life of MDA was 29.8 (28.8-30.9) days. A strong correlation was determined between piglet serum at 7 days old with gilt serum at farrowing time (r = 0.77, n = 248, P < 0.001) and with piglet serum at 7 days old with colostrum (r = 0.73, n = 248, P < 0.001). The MDA decreased earlier and the antibody half-life was a little longer than previously reported. Based on these findings, UPV1 vaccination can be performed earlier than usual.

Authors : Gava Danielle, Souza Carine Kunzler, Mores Tiago José, Argenti Laura Espíndola, Streck André Felipe, Canal Cláudio Wageck, Bortolozzo Fernando Pandolfo, Wentz Ivo,

(4) Development and validation of a multiplex conventional PCR assay for simultaneous detection and grouping of porcine bocaviruses.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :27448821
Publication Date : //
Porcine bocavirus (PBoV), a newly described porcine parvovirus, has received attention because it can be commonly identified in clinically affected pigs including pigs with post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PWMS) and pigs with diarrhea. In recent years, novel PBoVs have been identified and were classified into three genogroups, but the ability to detect and classify these novel PBoVs is not comprehensive to date. In this study, a multiplex conventional PCR assay for simultaneous detection and grouping of PBoVs was developed by screening combinations of mixed primer pairs followed by optimization of the PCR conditions. This method exclusively amplifies targeted fragments of 531bp from the VP1 gene of PBoV G1, 291bp from the NP1 gene of PBoV G2, and 384bp from the NP1/VP1 gene of PBoV G3. The assay has a detection limit of 1.0×10(3)copies/μL for PBoV G1 4.5×10(3) for PBoV G2 and 3.8×10(3) for PBoV G3 based on testing mixed purified plasmid constructs containing the specific viral target fragments. The performance of the multiplex PCR assay was comparable to that of the single PCRs which used the same primer pairs. Using the newly established multiplex PCR assay, 227 field samples including faeces, serum and tissue samples from pigs were investigated. All three PBoV genogroups were detected in the clinical samples with a detection rate of 1.3%, 2.6% and 12.3%, respectively for PBoV G1, G2 and G3. Additionally, coinfections with two or more PBoV were detected in 1.7% of the samples investigated. These results indicate the multiplex PCR assay is specific, sensitive and rapid, and can be used for the detection and differentiation of single and multiple infections of the three PBoV genogroups in pigs.

Authors : Zheng Xiaowen, Liu Gaopeng, Opriessnig Tanja, Wang Zining, Yang Zongqi, Jiang Yonghou,

(5) Infectious agents identified in aborted swine fetuses in a high-density breeding area: a three-year study.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :27400956
Publication Date : //
Reproductive failure in sows is one of the most important factors affecting pig breeding. Many reproductive disorders are linked to both environmental factors and infectious agents. The goal of our study was to determine the presence of pathogens that are known to cause abortion, considering a set of conditioning factors, such as seasonality and pregnancy period. A large number of aborted fetuses (1,625 fetuses from 140 farms) from a high-density breeding area in northern Italy was analyzed for a period of 3 years. The pigs were diagnosed based on direct (culture, PCR) or indirect (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) evidence. An infectious etiologic agent was found in 323 of 549 cases of abortion (58.8%). These included viral agents (Porcine circovirus-2, 138/323; Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, 108/323; porcine parvovirus, 20/323; pseudorabies virus, 6/323; and Encephalomyocarditis virus, 3/323) and bacteria (Escherichia coli, 64/323; Streptococcus sp., 63/323; Staphylococcus sp., 5/323; Pasteurella sp., 3/323; Shigella sp., 1/323; and Yersinia sp., 1/323). This study describes the prevalence of infectious agents involved in reproductive failure in a high-density swine population. The data can be useful to swine breeders, practitioners, and medical specialists in monitoring animal health and in supervising the breeding process.

Authors : Salogni Cristian, Lazzaro Massimiliano, Giacomini Enrico, Giovannini Stefano, Zanoni Mariagrazia, Giuliani Matteo, Ruggeri Jessica, Pozzi Paolo, Pasquali Paolo, Boniotti Maria Beatrice, Alborali Giovanni Loris,

(6) [Immune Response of Recombinant Pseudorabies Virus rPRV-VP2 Expressing VP2 Gene of Porcine Parvovirus in Mice].[TOP]

Pubmed ID :27396164
Publication Date : //
In order to develop a combined live vaccine that will be used to prevent against porcine parvovirus (PPV) and Pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection, the VP2 gene of PPV was inserted into the transfer vector plasmid pG to produce the recombinant plasmid pGVP2. The plasmid pGVP2 and the genome of PRV HB98 attenuated vaccine were transfected by using lipofectamine into swine testis cells for the homologous recombination. The recombinant virus rPRV-VP2 was purified by selection of green fluorescence plaques for five cycles. 6-week-old female Kunming mice were immunized intramuscularly with attenuated PRV parent HB98 strain, commercial inactivated vaccine against PPV, recombinant virus, DMEM culture solution. The injections were repeated with an equivalent dose after 2 weeks in all of the groups, and then challenged with the virulent PRV NY strain at 7 weeks after the first immunization. The recombinant virus rPRV-VP2 was successfully generated, and the recombinant virus could effectively elicite anti-PPV and PRV antibody and significant cellular immune response as indicated by anti-PPV ELISA and HI, PRV-neutralizing assay and flow cytometry. The challenge assay indicated that recombinant virus could protect the mice against the virulent PRV challenge. These results demonstrated that the recombinant virus can be a candidate recombinant vaccine strain for the prevention of PRV and PPV.

Authors : Fu Pengfei, Pan Xinlong, Han Qiao, Yang Xingwu, Zhu Qianlei, Guo Xiaoqing, Zhang Yu, Chen Hongying,

(7) [TOP]

Pubmed ID :
Publication Date : //

Authors :

(8) Shedding patterns of endemic Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) pathogens.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :26412545
Publication Date : //
The Eurasianwild boar has experienced aworldwide demographic explosion that increases awareness on shared pathogens. However, shedding routes of relevant wild boar pathogens are unknown. Previous observations on sex- and age-related differences in Aujeszky's disease virus (ADV) exposure led us to hypothesize that shedding patterns of endemicwild boar pathogens may be influenced by individual traits.We investigated shedding routes of ADV, porcine parvovirus (PPV), porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and Coxiella burnetii and analysed the effect of host sex and age on pathogen shedding patterns. The presence of pathogen antibodies in serumand of pathogen DNA in oral, nasal, genital and rectal swabswas analysed by ELISA and PCR, respectively. The influence of sex and age in pathogen shedding prevalencewas tested statistically.Main routes of ADV, PPV, PCV2 and C. burnetii shedding were identified but the hypothesis of sex- and/or age-related shedding patterns couldn't be confirmed.

Authors : González-Barrio David, Martín-Hernando María Paz, Ruiz-Fons Francisco,

(9) Identification of three PPV1 VP2 protein-specific B cell linear epitopes using monoclonal antibodies against baculovirus-expressed recombinant VP2 protein.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :26153140
Publication Date : //
Porcine parvovirus type 1 (PPV1) is a major causative agent of embryonic and fetal death in swine. The PPV1 VP2 protein is closely associated with viral immunogenicity for eliciting neutralizing antibodies, but its antigenic structures have been largely unknown. We generated three monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against baculovirus-expressed recombinant PPV1 VP2 protein. A PEPSCAN analysis identified the minimal B cell linear epitopes of PPV1 VP2 based on these MAbs. Three core epitopes, (228)QQITDA(233), (284)RSLGLPPK(291), and (344)FEYSNGGPFLTPI(356), were defined and mapped onto three-dimensional models of the PPV1 virion and VP2 monomer. The epitope (228)QQITDA(233) is exposed on the virion surface, and the other two are located inside the protein. An alignment of the PPV1 VP2 amino acid sequences showed that (284)RSLGLPPK(291) and (344)FEYSNGGPFLTPI(356) are absolutely conserved, whereas (228)QQITDA(233) has a single substitution at residue 233 in some (S → A or T). We developed a VP2 epitope-based indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA) to test for anti-PPV1 antibodies. In a comparative analysis with an immunoperoxidase monolayer assay using 135 guinea pig sera, the VP2-epitope-based iELISA had a concordance rate of 85.19 %, sensitivity of 83.33 %, and specificity of 85.47 %. MAb 8H6 was used to monitor VP2 during the PPV1 replication cycle in vitro with an indirect immunofluorescence assay, which indicated that newly encapsulated virions are released from the nucleus at 24 h postinfection and the PPV1 replication cycle takes less than 24 h. This study provides valuable information clarifying the antigenic structure of PPV1 VP2 and lays the foundations for PPV1 serodiagnosis and antigen detection.

Authors : Sun Jianhui, Huang Liping, Wei Yanwu, Wang Yiping, Chen Dongjie, Du Wenjuan, Wu Hongli, Feng Li, Liu Changming,

(10) Involvement of Toxoplasma gondii in reproductive disorders in Swiss pig farms.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :25456854
Publication Date : //
To determine the role of Toxoplasma gondii in reproductive failure, 108 of 113 sows that had aborted or delivered stillborn or weak piglets from 58 Swiss farms were serologically tested for specific antibodies against T. gondii tachyzoite antigens by ELISA. Additionally, formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues from 123 foetuses or stillborn piglets derived from 25 seropositive and 27 seronegative sows were analyzed by real-time PCR for T. gondii DNA. Tissues from animals showing a positive reaction in real-time PCR were subsequently tested by immunohistochemistry for the presence of T. gondii antigens. Antibodies against T. gondii were detected in 24.1% (26 out of 108) of sows with reproductive failure, and 37.3% (22 of 58) of the 58 tested farms had seropositive sows. No significant differences in the prevalences were observed in relation to the housing system (exclusive indoor housing, indoor housing with outdoor yard and exclusive outdoor housing) neither at the individual nor at the farm levels. By real time-PCR, T. gondii DNA was detected in three placentas from one seropositive sow (abortion at 71 gestation days [gd]), and in brain tissues from one foetus (abortion at 76 gd), one stillborn (116 gd) and one mummy (112 gd) delivered by three further seropositive sows, but in no sample derived from seronegative dams. By immunohistochemical staining, the presence of T. gondii could be confirmed only in placenta samples. In one of the cases, a co-infection with porcine parvovirus (PPV) was detected. These results suggest vertical transmission of T. gondii and/or placental infection in at least 3.5% (4 of 113) of sows with reproductive disorders. Therefore, T. gondii should be more frequently included in the routine differential diagnosis of reproductive failure in sows. In addition, a proper disposal of placentas and abortion material beyond the reach of cats could help to interrupt the further dissemination of this parasite at the farm level.

Authors : Basso Walter, Handke Martin, Sydler Titus, Borel Nicole, Grimm Felix, Sidler Xaver, Deplazes Peter,