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ELISA Kit for Porcine Methemoglobin Reductase(MHBR)

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[#E90286Po] ELISA Kit for Porcine Methemoglobin Reductase(MHBR)


E90286Po | ELISA Kit for Porcine Methemoglobin Reductase(MHBR), 96T
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(1) Vitreous Levels of Luteinizing Hormone and VEGF are Strongly Correlated in Healthy Mammalian Eyes.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29677452
Publication Date : //
Purpose/Aim: Luteinizing hormone (LH) is known to function as a key regulator of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in reproductive organs. In recent years, LH has also been detected in human vitreous and LH receptors have been identified in human retina. This study was aimed to investigate a potential correlation between LH and VEGF levels in healthy mammalian eyes to provide supporting evidence of LH's potential involvement in intraocular VEGF regulation.

Authors : Movsas Tammy Z, Sigler Robert, Muthusamy Arivalagan,

(2) Development of an immunochromatographic test based on monoclonal antibodies against surface antigen 3 (TgSAG3) for rapid detection of Toxoplasma gondii.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29559150
Publication Date : //
The immunochromatographic test (ICT) is a convenient and low-cost method that can rapidly obtain results (10 min) under normal conditions. In this study, we established an ICT assay with two monoclonal antibodies: TgSAG3-3A7 and TgSAG3-4D5 based on the conserved protein of TgSAG3 that can be expressed in all the infective stages of T. gondii. 20 nm gold particles were prepared and conjugated with TgSAG3-3A7 MAb at the concentration of 12.5 μg/mL. TgSAG3-4D5 MAb were used as the capture antibody because of its higher affinity tested by ELISA. The detection limit of the ICT assay was 100 ng with visual detection under optimal conditions of analysis. Positive porcine serum of Cryptosporidium suis, Mycoplasma suis, Streptococcus suis, Salmonella choleraesuis, Cysticercus cellulosae, Isospora suis, and Trichinella spiralis were used to evaluate the specificity of this ICT and no cross-reactivity was observed. 310 porcine serum samples obtained from pig farms in Zhejiang Province, China were detected by this ICT and ELISA kit, 23 positive samples were found by the developed strip with the rate of 7.42% comparing with 22 positive samples detected by the commercially ELISA kit which the positive rate was 7.1%, the relative sensitivity and specificity of this ICT are 100% and 99.65%. Therefore, the ICT established in this study is proved effective, simple, specific and sensitive of T. gondii detection.

Authors : Luo Jiaqing, Sun Hongchao, Zhao Xianfeng, Wang Suhua, Zhuo Xunhui, Yang Yi, Chen Xueqiu, Yao Chaoqun, Du Aifang,

(3) Prevalence of African swine fever virus and classical swine fever virus antibodies in pigs in Benue State, Nigeria.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29110237
Publication Date : //
This study investigated the prevalence of African swine fever virus (ASFV) and classical swine fever virus (CSFV) antibodies in pigs in Benue State, Nigeria. Serum samples were collected from a total of 460 pigs, including 416 from 74 piggeries and 44 from Makurdi slaughter slab. The samples were analysed using indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test kit to detect the presence of ASFV antibodies, while competitive ELISA test kit was used to detect antibodies to CSFV. Our findings showed a total ASF prevalence of 13 (2.8%), while prevalences of 7 (1.7%) and 6 (13.6%) were observed in piggeries and in Makurdi slaughter slab, respectively. However, no CSFV antibody sera were detected in this study. Relatively higher ASFV antibody-positive pigs were detected in the slaughter slab than in piggeries. The difference in prevalence of ASF between the two locations was significantly associated (p = 0.017). These findings suggest the presence of ASFV antibody-positive pig in Benue State, Nigeria. Continuous surveillance and monitoring of these diseases among pigs in Nigeria to prevent any fulminating outbreak are recommended.

Authors : Asambe A, Sackey A K B, Tekdek L B,

(4) [Establishment of chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay for detecting antibodies against foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype O in swine].[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29034622
Publication Date : //
Recombinant structural protein VP1 of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype O was expressed in Escherichia coli and then purified using Nickel affinity chromatography. A chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) method was established using the purified recombinant protein as coating antigen to detect antibody of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype O in swine. The specificity of VP1-CLEIA method is 100%. The coefficients of variation in the plate and between plates are 1.10%-6.70% and 0.66%-4.80%, respectively. Comparing with the commercial indirect ELISA kit or liquid phase block ELISA kit, the calculated coincidence rate is 93.50% or 94.00%. The high specificity and stability suggested this detection method can be used to monitor the antibody level of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype O in swine.

Authors : Cui Chen, Huang Ligang, Li Jing, Zou Xingqi, Zhu Yuanyuan, Xie Lei, Zhao Qizu, Yang Limin, Liu Wenjun,

(5) Construction of an HRP-streptavidin bound antigen and its application in an ELISA for porcine circovirus 2 antibodies.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :28921455
Publication Date : //
A fusion protein SBP-Cap∆41, consisting of Cap∆41 (without 41 amino acids at the N-terminus) protein of porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) and a streptavidin binding peptide (SBP), was constructed. This fusion protein binds to HRP-labeled streptavidin (HRP-SA) through high affinity between SBP and SA, forming an HRP-streptavidin bound antigen (Hsb-Ag) with both immunoreactivity and enzymatic activity, which can be used in a double-antigen sandwich ELISA for detection of PCV2 antibodies. Comparison of the characteristics of the HSb-Cap∆41 and chemical conjugates of the recombinant Cap∆41 protein showed that the HSb-Cap∆41 based double-antigen sandwich ELISA (HBDS-ELISA) had higher specificity and sensitivity. Use of the HBDS-ELISA detected PCV2-IgG in 9 injected pigs as early as 10 days p.i., 3 days earlier than both a double-antigen sandwich ELISA (DS-ELISA) based on a chemically conjugated antigen, and a commercial indirect ELISA kit.

Authors : Ge Meng, Li Run-Cheng, Qu Tailong, Gong Wenjie, Yu Xing-Long, Tu Changchun,

(6) Changes of haemogram and serum biochemistry in neonatal piglet diarrhoea associated with porcine rotavirus type A.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :28752213
Publication Date : //
Porcine rotavirus type A (RVA) is a major cause of neonatal piglet mortality in India. The effect of the disease on haemogram and serum biochemical profile is not well established in piglets. Accordingly, we assessed the haemogram and serum biochemical profile in the neonatal piglet diarrhoea with RVA infection (n = 17). The diagnosis of RVA was confirmed using RNA-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (RNA-PAGE), commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Non-infected healthy piglets (n = 6) served as control. The concentrations of total protein, albumin, alanine amino transaminase (ALT), aspartate amino transaminase (AST), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine in serum were measured by spectrophotometric method. Haemogram was done in the blood using sodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (Na EDTA) as anticoagulant. The mean values of total protein, albumin and globulin concentrations were significantly (P < 0.001) decreased and concentrations of ALT, AST, BUN and creatinine were significantly increased (P < 0.001) in the RVA-infected piglets. Haemogram showed marked haemoconcentration (P < 0.001), leukopenia (P < 0.01) and neutropenia (P < 0.01) in the presence of RVA infection than healthy piglets. The results indicated a possible extra-intestinal spread of RVA in piglets during neonatal diarrhoea. The finding might be helpful to clinicians and while treating such type of clinical cases, incorporation of organ protective drugs will be helpful for better response in the treatment schedule.

Authors : Chethan G E, Garkhal J, Sircar Shubhankar, Malik Y P S, Mukherjee R, Gupta V K, Sahoo N R, Agarwal R K, De U K,

(7) Enhancing expression of the pseudorabies virus glycoprotein E in yeast and its application in an indirect sandwich ELISA.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :28688204
Publication Date : //
The purpose of this study was to produce a recombinant pseudorabies virus (PRV) glycoprotein E (gE) protein with the correct antigenicity for use as a low-cost diagnostic antigen.

Authors : Wu C-Y, Wu C-W, Liao C-M, Chien M-S, Huang C,

(8) [A Study on the Feasibility to Assay Minipig Insulin Through Human Insulin Radioimmunoassay Kit].[TOP]

Pubmed ID :28616917
Publication Date : //
To investigate the feasibility of using human-specific insulin radioimmunoassay (Ins-RIA) kit to measure the concentrations of serum insulin in minipigs.

Authors : Yang Meng-Yu, Gao Yun-Yi, Li Yan, Li Ya-Li, Zhong Hao, Ran Xing-Wu,

(9) Profile and reproductive roles of seminal plasma melatonin of boar ejaculates used in artificial insemination programs.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :28464088
Publication Date : //
Melatonin (MLT) is present in seminal plasma (SP) of mammalian species, including pigs, and it is credited with antioxidant properties. This study aims to identify the sources of variation and the role of boar SP MLT on sperm quality and functionality and in vivo fertilizing ability of liquid-stored semen doses used in AI programs. The SP MLT was measured using an ELISA kit in a total of 219 ejaculates collected from 76 boars, and reproductive records of 5,318 AI sows were recorded. Sperm quality was assessed according to motility (computer-aided sperm analysis) and viability (cytometry evaluation). Sperm functionality was assessed according to the cytometric determination of intracellular HO generation, total and mitochondrial O production, and lipid peroxidation in liquid AI semen samples stored at 17°C over 144 h. The concentration of SP MLT differed among seasons ( < 0.01) and day length periods ( < 0.001) of the year, demonstrating that the ejaculates collected during the increasing day length period (9.80 ± 1.38 pg/mL, range: 2.75-21.94) had lower SP MLT concentrations than those collected during the decreasing day length period (16.32 ± 1.67 pg/mL, range: 5.02-35.61). The SP MLT also differed ( < 0.001) among boars, among ejaculates within boar, and among portions within the ejaculate, demonstrating that SP from the first 10 mL of sperm-rich ejaculate fraction (SRF) exhibited lower MLT concentrations than post-SRF. The SP MLT was negatively related ( < 0.001) to mitochondrial O production in viable sperm. The SP MLT did not differ among AI boars ( = 14) hierarchically grouped according to high and low fertility outcomes. In conclusion, SP MLT concentration in AI boars varies depending on the season of ejaculate collection and differs among boars, ejaculates within boar, and portions within ejaculate. The SP MLT may act at the mitochondrial level of sperm by reducing the generation of O. However, this antioxidant role of SP MLT was not reflected in sperm quality or in vivo fertility outcomes of AI semen doses.

Authors : Barranco I, Casao A, Perez-Patiño C, Parrilla I, Muiño-Blanco T, Martinez E A, Cebrian-Perez J A, Roca J,

(10) Break-even analysis of costs for controlling Toxoplasma gondii infections in slaughter pigs via a serological surveillance program in the Netherlands.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :28237229
Publication Date : //
Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a food safety hazard which causes a substantial human disease burden and cost-of-illness. Infected pig meat is a common source of toxoplasmosis. A break-even analysis was conducted to estimate the point for which the intervention cost at fattening pig farms equaled the cost of averted human disease burden and cost-of-illness minus the costs of a T. gondii surveillance program. The surveillance program comprised serological testing of blood samples taken at slaughter. Break-even points were determined given alternative levels of the effectiveness of the intervention program (10% up to 90% in steps of 10%), the value of an averted DALY (20,000, 50,000 and 80,000 Euro), and threshold of sample prevalence for a farm to be under intervention (5% up to 50% out of 20 samples in steps of 5%). Since test characteristics are a determining factor in the break-even analysis, and literature is inconclusive concerning sensitivity (se) and specificity (sp) of the serological test kit used, two alternative sets of assumptions were analysed. The estimated maximum costs of an intervention if only benefits for domestic consumers were accounted amounted approximately 2981 Euro (se=98.9% and sp=92.7%) versus 4389 Euro (se=65.2% and sp=97.4%) per year per fattening pig farm under intervention assuming an effectiveness of 50%, 50,000 Euro per averted DALY and threshold T. gondii sample prevalence of 5% for a farm to be under intervention. Since almost 80% of the gross domestic production is exported corresponding break-even values increased up to 12,034 Euro and 18,366 Euro if benefits for consumers abroad were included as well. Empirical research to strengthen the knowledge about the efficacy of a farm intervention measures is recommended.

Authors : van Asseldonk M, van Wagenberg C P A, Wisselink H J,