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Gc_Globulin, Vitamin D_Binding Protein, Clone 249_05, Mab anti_Human; ELISA

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[#HYB249-05] Gc_Globulin, Vitamin D_Binding Protein, Clone 249_05, Mab anti_Human; ELISA


HYB249-05 | Gc_Globulin, Vitamin D_Binding Protein, Clone 249_05, Mab anti_Human; ELISA, 200 µg.
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(1) A monoclonal antibody sandwich ELISA for vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) is unaffected by Gc-globulin phenotype peptides and actin and demonstrates reduced levels in sepsis and non-sepsis intensive care patients.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29775620
Publication Date : //
The measurement of vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) by immunoassay has been confounded by variable antibody recognition of the Gc1s, Gc1F and Gc2 phenotypes. This has led to spurious conclusions regarding vitamin D status in different ethnic groups. In order to overcome these problems there is a requirement for VDBP antibodies that are unaffected by phenotype status. Here we report the generation and testing of three monoclonal antibodies to VDBP which recognise linear epitopes and are unaffected by vast molar excesses of synthetic peptides spanning these phenotypic domains. These IgG1 kappa antibodies were purified and biotinylated to allow suitable pairings to develop a sandwich ELISA for circulating VDBP. The VDBP ELISA is unaffected by actin and confirms that VDBP levels are significantly reduced in sepsis patients and non-sepsis intensive care patients compared to normal healthy subjects. Levels of VDBP along with total 25OH vitamin D3 can be used to calculate free 25OH vitamin D3 levels and these compare well with consensus values determined independently. The VDBP ELISA meets acceptable performance criteria and as such can be used in conjunction with total 25OH vitamin D3 to determine the free 25OH vitamin D3 status in various cohorts.

Authors : Hong Katrina, Florkowski Christopher M, Doogue Matthew P, Elder Peter A, Lewis John G,

(2) Positive Correlations Between Free Vitamin D and Bone Variables in a Group of Young Lebanese Women.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29678393
Publication Date : //
Optimizing bone mass in adulthood is of great importance to prevent the occurrence of osteoporosis in later age. Vitamin D is an essential component of bone health. Low-serum vitamin D is associated with low bone mineral density (BMD), which is an important predictor of fracture risk. However, most cells, apart from renal tubular cells, are exposed to free rather than to total 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Whether free vitamin D would be a better marker than total vitamin D is still under debate. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationships between serum total vitamin D, vitamin D-binding protein (BP), free vitamin D, and bone parameters in a group of young Lebanese women. This study included 88 young female adults aged between 18 and 35 yr. Body composition and BMD were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and the lumbar spine trabecular bone score was derived. Bone mineral content (BMC) and BMD were measured at the whole body (WB), the lumbar spine (L1-L4), the total hip (TH), and the femoral neck (FN). To evaluate hip bone geometry, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans were analyzed at the FN, the intertrochanteric region, and the femoral shaft by the Hip Structure Analysis program. The cross-sectional area, the index of axial compression strength, and the section modulus (Z), as well as index of bending strength, were measured from bone mass profiles. Composite indices of FN strength (compressive strength index [CSI], bending strength index, and impact strength index [ISI]) were calculated as previously described. Direct measurement of free 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations was performed by immunoassay, which detects free vitamin D by ELISA on a microtiter plate. Serum vitamin D BP was measured using a Quantikine ELISA kit, which employed the quantitative sandwich enzyme immunoassay technique. Serum free vitamin D was positively correlated with WB BMC (r = 0.26, p < 0.05), WB BMD (r = 0.29, p < 0.05), L1-L4 BMD (r = 0.28, p < 0.05), TH BMD (r = 0.34, p < 0.01), FN BMD (r = 0.29, p < 0.05), CSI (r = 0.24, p < 0.05), and ISI (r = 0.28, p < 0.05). No positive correlations were detected between the total vitamin D level, the vitamin D BPs, and BMD. The positive associations between free vitamin D and several bone variables (WB BMC, WB BMD, L1-L4 BMD, TH BMD, FN BMD, CSI, bending strength index, and ISI) remained significant after adjustment for weight. In conclusion, the current study suggests that the free vitamin D serum level is a stronger positive determinant of bone parameters and hip bone strength indices in young female adults than total serum vitamin D.

Authors : Alwan Abir, Rizkallah Maroun, Maalouf Ghassan, Matta Joseph, Frenn Fabienne, Barakat Angélique, Bachour Falah, Sebaaly Amer, Berro Abdel-Jalil, Al Rassy Nathalie, Howayek Mirza, Zouhal Hassane, El Hage Rawad,

(3) Alterations in the vitamin D endocrine system during pregnancy: A longitudinal study of 855 healthy Norwegian women.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29641551
Publication Date : //
To ensure optimal calcium accrual in the fetal skeleton, a substantial rise occurs in 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D), but is dependent on sufficient 25-hydroxyvitamin (25(OH)D). Large longitudinal studies addressing free 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D during pregnancy are scarce. We aimed to assess levels of and relationship between 25(OH)D, 1,25(OH)2D, vitamin D-binding protein (DBP), parathyroid hormone (PTH), and free 25(OH)D during pregnancy; determinants of vitamin D status; and association between vitamin D indices or PTH and pregnancy outcomes (gestational diabetes mellitus and birthweight). Altogether 855 pregnant Norwegian Caucasian women from Trondheim and Stavanger (latitude 63°N and 58°N) were recruited; 94 were lost to follow-up. The study was originally a randomized controlled trial (2007-2009) with gestational diabetes as primary outcome. Data were collected in second and third trimester. In third trimester, 246 (34%) had vitamin D insufficiency and 52 (7%) deficiency (25(OH)D <50 and <30nmol/L, respectively). During wintertime in third trimester, 61 (47%) from Trondheim and 23 (51%) from Stavanger exhibited vitamin D insufficiency. PTH was elevated in 27 (3.7%). Estimate of change between trimesters was (95% CI): 25(OH)D -1.8 (-2.8 to -0.7) nmol/L, DBP 0.62 (0.57 to 0.66) μmol/L, calculated free 25(OH)D -1.7 (-2.0 to -1.4) pmol/L, PTH 0.81 (0.72 to 0.90) pmol/L, 1,25(OH)2D (sub-analysis) 31.4 (CI 24.7 to 38.2) pmol/L. A decrease in 1,25(OH)2D occurred in 45% of those with vitamin D deficiency, and they also exhibited lower levels than women with adequate vitamin D status. No association of vitamin D indices and PTH with pregnancy outcomes was observed. Women in Trondheim displayed lower 25(OH)D levels, despite minor latitudinal differences. Less than one-fifth adhered to the authorities' vitamin D recommendations. These findings demonstrate that hypovitaminosis D is prevalent among pregnant women living in northern latitudes, especially during the dark season, and there is an unmet need to ensure adequate vitamin D intake.

Authors : Gustafsson Miriam K, Romundstad Pål R, Stafne Signe Nilssen, Helvik Anne-Sofie, Stunes Astrid Kamilla, Mørkved Siv, Salvesen Kjell Åsmund, Thorsby Per Medbøe, Syversen Unni,

(4) Vitamin D, obesity and leptin in relation to bladder cancer incidence and survival: prospective protocol study.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29602840
Publication Date : //
Bladder cancer (BC) (including renal pelvis, ureter and urethra) is one of the most common urogenital cancers and the fourth most frequent cancer in men in the USA. In Norway, the incidence of BC has increased over the last decades. The age-standardised incidence rates per 100 000 for 2011-2015 were 53.7 in men and 16.5 in women. Compared to the 5-year period 2006-2010, the percentage increase in incidence was 6.1% in men and 12.3% in women. The recurrence rate of BC is over 50%, the highest recurrence rate of any malignancy. Smoking and occupational exposure to aromatic amines are recognised as the major risk factors. Recently, low-serum level of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) and obesity have been suggested to increase the BC risk, and leptin, which is important in weight regulation, may be involved in bladder carcinogenesis. More knowledge on potential risk factors for BC is necessary for planning and implementing primary prevention measures.

Authors : Gislefoss Randi Elin, Stenehjem Jo Steinson, Hektoen Helga Helseth, Andreassen Bettina Kulle, Langseth Hilde, Axcrona Karol, Weiderpass Elisabete, Mondul Alison, Robsahm Trude Eid,

(5) Vitamin D Assays.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29597233
Publication Date : //
The number of requests for vitamin D metabolite measurements has increased dramatically over the past decade leading commercial laboratories to develop rapid high throughput assays. The measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) and to a lesser extent 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25[OH]2D) dominates these requests, but requests for multiple metabolite measurements in the same sample are also increasing. The most commonly used methods include immunoassays and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Each method has its advantages and disadvantages, but with improvements in technology, especially in LC-MS, this method is gaining ascendance due to its greater precision and flexibility. The use of standards from the National Institutes of Standards and Technology has substantially reduced the variability from laboratory to laboratory, thereby improving the reliability of these measurements. Although the current demand is for measurement of total vitamin D metabolite levels, these metabolites circulate in blood tightly bound to vitamin D binding protein (DBP) and albumin with less than 1% free. The free concentration may be a more accurate indicator of vitamin D status especially in individuals with DBP levels that deviate from the normal population. Thus, methods to measure the free concentration at least of 25(OH)D are becoming available and may supplement if not replace measurements of total levels.

Authors : Bikle Daniel D,

(6) Vitamin D in Graves Disease: Levels, Correlation with Laboratory and Clinical Parameters, and Genetics.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29594051
Publication Date : //
The aim was to compare the vitamin D levels in patients with Graves disease (GD) with the general population and to correlate the vitamin D levels with laboratory and clinical parameters in GD. Moreover, we examined the genetic variation in genes involved in the vitamin D metabolism and their association with GD.

Authors : Planck Tereza, Shahida Bushra, Malm Johan, Manjer Jonas,

(7) Changing to a vegetarian diet reduces the body creatine pool in omnivorous women, but appears not to affect carnitine and carnosine homeostasis: a randomised trial.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29569535
Publication Date : //
Balanced vegetarian diets are popular, although they are nearly absent in creatine and carnosine and contain considerably less carnitine than non-vegetarian diets. Few longitudinal intervention studies investigating the effect of a vegetarian diet on the availability of these compounds currently exist. We aimed to investigate the effect of transiently switching omnivores onto a vegetarian diet for 6 months on muscle and plasma creatine, carnitine and carnosine homeostasis. In a 6-month intervention, forty omnivorous women were ascribed to three groups: continued omnivorous diet (control, n 10), vegetarian diet without supplementation (Veg+Pla, n 15) and vegetarian diet combined with daily β-alanine (0·8-0·4 g/d) and creatine supplementation (1 g creatine monohydrate/d) (Veg+Suppl, n 15). Before (0 months; 0M), after 3 months (3M) and 6 months (6M), a fasted venous blood sample and 24-h urine was collected, and muscle carnosine content was determined by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). Muscle biopsies were obtained at 0M and 3M. Plasma creatine and muscle total creatine content declined from 0M to 3M in Veg+Pla (P=0·013 and P=0·009, respectively), whereas plasma creatine increased from 0M in Veg+Suppl (P=0·004). None of the carnitine-related compounds in plasma or muscle showed a significant time×group interaction effect. 1H-MRS-determined muscle carnosine content was unchanged over 6M in control and Veg+Pla, but increased in Veg+Suppl in soleus (P<0·001) and gastrocnemius (P=0·001) muscle. To conclude, the body creatine pool declined over a 3-month vegetarian diet in omnivorous women, which was ameliorated when accompanied by low-dose dietary creatine supplementation. Carnitine and carnosine homeostasis was unaffected by a 3- or 6-month vegetarian diet, respectively.

Authors : Blancquaert Laura, Baguet Audrey, Bex Tine, Volkaert Anneke, Everaert Inge, Delanghe Joris, Petrovic Mirko, Vervaet Chris, De Henauw Stefaan, Constantin-Teodosiu Dumitru, Greenhaff Paul, Derave Wim,

(8) Reference intervals for measured and calculated free 25-hydroxyvitamin D in normal pregnancy.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29567112
Publication Date : //
The determination of free 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) as compared to the analysis of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D might reflect better the vitamin D status during pregnancy, since vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) concentrations increase throughout pregnancy and the vast majority of 25(OH)D is tightly bound to DBP thus strongly influencing total 25(OH)D. The concentration of the biologically active free 25(OH)D - on the other hand - is much less dependent on the DBP concentrations. The study was conducted in May-June 2016 in 368 Caucasian pregnant healthy women - residents of Northeastern Germany. Free 25(OH)D was either measured directly by commercial ELISA kit or assessed by calculation via total 25(OH)D, DBP, and albumin serum concentrations. Regardless of the detection method, free 25(OH)D lowers in the 3rd trimester comparing to the 1st trimester (by 12% and 21%, p < 0.05 and p < 0.001, for measured and calculated free 25(OH)D, respectively), whereas total 25(OH)D was not decreased in late pregnancy. DBP rises with gestational age. Total 25(OH)D was not correlated with serum calcium (p = 0.251), whereas free 25(OH)D was significantly (p = 0.007 for measured free 25(OH)D and p < 0.001 for calculated free 25(OH)D) positively correlated with calcium. All 25(OH)D isoforms were significantly negatively correlated with bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP), however the correlation strength was the lowest with total 25(OH)D (rho = -0.108, p = 0.038), whereas both measured and calculated free 25(OH)D revealed better associations with BSAP (rho = -0.203 and rho = -0.211 for measured and calculated free 25(OH)D, respectively, p < 0.001 for both). We established pregnancy trimester-specific reference intervals for free measured and calculated 25(OH)D and DBP. Both measured and calculated free 25(OH)D showed better correlations with parameters of the endocrine vitamin D system (calcium and BSAP). Both ways of measuring free 25(OH)D in pregnant women are suitable as novel laboratory parameter for vitamin D status monitoring during human pregnancy and might replace in the future the routine total 25(OH)D assessment.

Authors : Tsuprykov Oleg, Buse Claudia, Skoblo Roman, Haq Afrozul, Hocher Berthold,

(9) Investigating the effect of testosterone by itself and in combination with letrozole on 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D and FGF23 in male rats.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29560610
Publication Date : //
Testosterone deficiency might be associated with vitamin D levels in hypogonadal men, but it is not clear whether testosterone can affect vitamin D and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23), either directly or indirectly via aromatization to estradiol. We aimed to investigate the role of testosterone on vitamin D metabolism and serum FGF23 in male rats.

Authors : Saki F, Kasaee S R, Sadeghian F, Koohpeyma F, Omrani G H R,

(10) Vitamin D Binding Protein (DBP) Deficiency in Mice Decreases Systemic and Select Tissue Levels of Inflammatory Cytokines in a Murine Model of Acute Muscle Injury.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29554047
Publication Date : //
Severe acute muscle injury results in massive cell damage, causing the release of actin into extracellular fluids where it complexes with the vitamin D binding protein (DBP). We hypothesized that a systemic Vitamin D deficiency would result in a less pro-inflammatory phenotype.

Authors : Kew Richard R, Tabrizian Tahmineh, Vosswinkel James A, Davis James E, Jawa Randeep S,