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Purified Chicken IgG (IgY), ELISA

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[#YSRTPAP001] Purified Chicken IgG (IgY), ELISA


YSRTPAP001 | Purified Chicken IgG (IgY), ELISA, 10 mg.
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(1) Production and application of anti-nucleoprotein IgY antibodies for influenza A virus detection in swine.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :30158073
Publication Date : //
Influenza A virus (IAV) causes an important respiratory disease in mammals and birds leading to concerns in animal production industry and public health. Usually, antibodies produced in mammals are employed in diagnostic tests. However, due to animal welfare concerns, technical advantages and the high cost of production, alternatives to the production of antibodies in mammals have been investigated. The aim of this study was to produce egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) in laying hens against a highly conserved protein (nucleoprotein- NP) of IAV and to evaluate the application of anti-NP IgY antibodies in virus detection by immunocytochemistry (ICC) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Three laying hens of the White Leghorn line were inoculated seven times with a recombinant NP protein and their eggs collected seven days after the 3rd, 5th and 7th inoculations. Immunoglobulin Y antibodies were purified from egg yolk through precipitation with ammonium sulfate. The titers and specificity of the purified antibodies were determined by ELISA, western blotting, ICC and IHC. High levels of specific anti-NP antibodies were detected by ELISA after the 5th inoculation, reaching a peak after the 7th inoculation. The mean yield of total protein in yolk after the 7th inoculation was 13.5 mg/mL. The use of western blotting and ICC demonstrated that anti-NP IgY binds specifically to NP protein. Moreover, the use of anti-NP IgY antibody in ICC test revealed positive staining of MDCK cells infected with IAV of the three subtypes circulating in swine (H1N1, H1N2, and H3N2). However, no staining was observed in lung tissues through the IHC test. The data obtained showed that anti-NP IgY antibodies bound specifically to influenza virus NP protein, detecting the main virus subtypes circulating in swine, reinforcing their usefulness in the influenza diagnosis.

Authors : da Silva Miriele Caroline, Schaefer Rejane, Gava Danielle, Souza Carine Kunzler, da Silva Vaz Itabajara, Bastos Ana Paula, Venancio Emerson José,

(2) Purification of chicken IgY by binding capture using elastin-like polypeptide-tagged immunoglobulin-binding domain of streptococcal protein G.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29042010
Publication Date : //
Chicken egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) is a superior alternative to mammalian immunoglobulin, but its practical application is limited due to the complex purification procedure. In this study, the C2 domain of streptococcal protein G (SPG) with the binding affinity for chicken IgY was expressed in E. coli as an elastin-like polypeptide (ELP) fusion protein, and purified to a high purity by inverse transition cycling (ITC). Binding experiments showed that chicken IgY could bind to and eluted off the ELP-C2 fusion protein in pH-, temperature- and/or time-dependent manners. By using the ELP-C2 protein, a simple chicken IgY purification method was developed, and its purification performance was compared with that of ammonium sulfate precipitation and ethanol fractionation. Quantitative SDS-PAGE analysis showed that the ELP-C2 binding capture method provided a chicken IgY purity of 96.3% and a recovery of 64%, both of which were significantly higher than that of the two traditional methods The ELP-C2 binding capture method could be accomplished within 3h, in contrast to 30.3h for ammonium sulfate precipitation or 4.3h for ethanol fractionation. These data suggest that the ELP-C2 binding capture was a simple, efficient and cost-effective method for purification of chicken IgY.

Authors : Xia Wenlong, Lu Huipeng, Li Yangyang, Cao Jun, Zhou Xiaohui, Zhang Xinyu, Xia Xiaoli, Sun Huaichang,

(3) Affinity purification of egg yolk immunoglobulins (IgY) using a human mycoplasma protein.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :26807703
Publication Date : //
Egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) is a superior functional equivalent to mammalian IgG. However, the preparation of refined and highly purified IgY is still attributed as difficult task. Protein M (a transmembrane protein from human mycoplasma) has been newly demonstrated as an ideal affinity regent for mammalian antibody purification. This study aimed to evaluate the interaction between protein M and IgY. The results showed protein M could be a superior affinity reagent for IgY, scFv as well as IgYΔFc, based on pull down and western blot investigations; in addition, it was found that ∼125 times increase of effective IgY in the elutent was obtained using protein M affinity chromatography column compared with traditional IgY extraction methods. This indicates, the purification strategy of protein M is entirely different to traditional IBPs and the salient purification feature of protein M would be a breakthrough for purifying not only non-mammalian antibodies, but also monoclonal antibodies and engineered antibodies based on variable region.

Authors : Jiang Xuemei, Diraviyam Thirumalai, Zhang Xiaoying,

(4) Development of hen antihepatitis B antigen IgY-based conjugate for ELISA assay.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :26015926
Publication Date : //
Chicken antibodies have many advantages to the mammalian antibodies and have several important differences against mammalian IgG with regard to their specificity and large-scale production. In this study, the production, purification, and HRP conjugation of polyclonal IgY against hepatitis virus surface antigen (HBsAg) were carried out.

Authors : Nafea Najat Muayed, Sabbah Majeed Arsheed, Al-Suhail Raghad, Mahdavi Amir Hossein, Asgary Sedigheh,

(5) Effect of chicken antibodies on inflammation in human lung epithelial cell lines.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :25638373
Publication Date : //
As an alternative therapeutic approach for the prevention and treatment of bacterial infections with P. aeruginosa of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, chicken yolk antibodies (IgY) could be used. The most significant advantage of IgY, in contrast to mammalian IgG, consists in the fact, that when bound to the antigen, they usually do not induce inflammatory reaction. In addition, the simplicity of egg production and the ease of IgY preparation makes this kind of antibody an excellent tool for passive immunization. Thus, the aim of our project was to study the effect of IgY and its Fab fragment on the potential induction of pro-inflammatory reactions in lung epithelial cells.

Authors : Kubickova Bozena, Majerova Barbora, Hadrabova Jana, Noskova Libuse, Stiborova Marie, Hodek Petr,

(6) Immunomodulatory activity accompanying chicken egg yolk immunoglobulin Y.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :23155018
Publication Date : //
Immunity transfer from a mother to the newborn does not depend exclusively on immunoglobulins. Peptides, which are characterized by immunoregulatory properties that accompany IgG(2), known as proline-rich polypeptide complex (PRP), have been discovered for the first time in ovine colostrum. In this report we present new data showing that some immunoregulatory peptides associated with the main immunoglobulin class, IgY, are also present in the avian immune system. Cytokine-inducing activity of particular fractions obtained from ovine colostrum, IgG+ (IgG(2) containing PRP), IgG- (IgG(2) free of PRP), and purified PRP, was compared with that of crude egg yolk IgY (IgY+), additionally purified egg yolk IgY (IgY-), and polypeptides accompanying IgY named Yolkin (Y), using an ex vivo model of whole human blood cells. It was shown that both IgG+ fraction and PRP, but not IgG-, stimulated the whole blood cells to release tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β cytokines. Similar experiments performed with hen's egg IgY preparations showed that IgY+ and Y samples showed higher cytokine-inducing activity than samples additionally purified with the use of size exclusion chromatography (IgY-). The IgY+ at a dose of 100 μg was even more active than the positive lipopolysaccharide control. It was also found that Y is able to stimulate macrophage cell line J774.2 to release nitric oxide. The results obtained suggest that IgY, the main chicken immunoglobulin fraction, is accompanied by additional polypeptides and plays a role of a transporter of biologically active substances, which was observed in the case of colostral IgG.

Authors : Polanowski A, Zabłocka A, Sosnowska A, Janusz M, Trziszka T,

(7) IgY antibodies protect against human Rotavirus induced diarrhea in the neonatal gnotobiotic piglet disease model.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :22880110
Publication Date : //
Group A Rotaviruses are the most common cause of severe, dehydrating diarrhea in children worldwide. The aim of the present work was to evaluate protection against rotavirus (RV) diarrhea conferred by the prophylactic administration of specific IgY antibodies (Ab) to gnotobiotic piglets experimentally inoculated with virulent Wa G1P[8] human rotavirus (HRV). Chicken egg yolk IgY Ab generated from Wa HRV hyperimmunized hens specifically recognized (ELISA) and neutralized Wa HRV in vitro. Supplementation of the RV Ab free cow milk diet with Wa HRV-specific egg yolk IgY Ab at a final ELISA Ab titer of 4096 (virus neutralization -VN- titer = 256) for 9 days conferred full protection against Wa HRV associated diarrhea and significantly reduced virus shedding. This protection was dose-dependent. The oral administration of semi-purified passive IgY Abs from chickens did not affect the isotype profile of the pig Ab secreting cell (ASC) responses to Wa HRV infection, but it was associated with significantly fewer numbers of HRV-specific IgA ASC in the duodenum. We further analyzed the pigś immune responses to the passive IgY treatment. The oral administration of IgY Abs induced IgG Ab responses to chicken IgY in serum and local IgA and IgG Ab responses to IgY in the intestinal contents of neonatal piglets in a dose dependent manner. To our knowledge, this is the first study to show that IgY Abs administered orally as a milk supplement passively protect neonatal pigs against an enteric viral pathogen (HRV). Piglets are an animal model with a gastrointestinal physiology and an immune system that closely mimic human infants. This strategy can be scaled-up to inexpensively produce large amounts of polyclonal IgY Abs from egg yolks to be applied as a preventive and therapeutic passive Ab treatment to control RV diarrhea.

Authors : Vega Celina G, Bok Marina, Vlasova Anastasia N, Chattha Kuldeep S, Fernández Fernando M, Wigdorovitz Andrés, Parreño Viviana G, Saif Linda J,

(8) The interactions of calreticulin with immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin Y.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :21447409
Publication Date : //
Calreticulin is a chaperone of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) assisting proteins in achieving the correctly folded structure. Details of the binding specificity of calreticulin are still a matter of debate. Calreticulin has been described as an oligosaccharide-binding chaperone but data are also accumulating in support of calreticulin as a polypeptide binding chaperone. In contrast to mammalian immunoglobulin G (IgG), which has complex type N-glycans, chicken immunoglobulin Y (IgY) possesses a monoglucosylated high mannose N-linked glycan, which is a ligand for calreticulin. Here, we have used solid and solution-phase assays to analyze the in vitro binding of calreticulin, purified from human placenta, to human IgG and chicken IgY in order to compare the interactions. In addition, peptides from the respective immunoglobulins were included to further probe the binding specificity of calreticulin. The experiments demonstrate the ability of calreticulin to bind to denatured forms of both IgG and IgY regardless of the glycosylation state of the proteins. Furthermore, calreticulin exhibits binding to peptides (glycosylated and non-glycosylated) derived from trypsin digestion of both immunoglobulins. Additionally, calreticulin peptide binding was examined with synthetic peptides covering the IgG Cγ2 domain demonstrating interaction with approximately half the peptides. Our results show that the dominant binding activity of calreticulin in vitro is toward the polypeptide moieties of IgG and IgY even in the presence of the monoglucosylated high mannose N-linked oligosaccharide on IgY.

Authors : Møllegaard Karen Mai, Duus Karen, Træholt Sofie Dietz, Thaysen-Andersen Morten, Liu Yan, Palma Angelina S, Feizi Ten, Hansen Paul R, Højrup Peter, Houen Gunnar,

(9) Differences in usability of rabbit IgG and chicken IgY after clean-up and impact on gold labelling properties.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :19699744
Publication Date : //
For the application of antibodies in rapid test systems such as Lateral Flow Devices (LFD) antibodies have to be coupled to coloured particles for immediate readability of the test system. In this work colloidal gold was selected for conjugation to the antibodies. Polyclonal rabbit antibodies were chosen for the development of Lateral Flow Devices for the detection of bovine alpha-casein. For antibody comparison chicken egg yolk IgY and sheep IgG were additionally used. Rabbit and chicken antibodies were purified from rabbit sera and egg yolk using affinity chromatography and alternatively ammonium sulphate precipitation, Sheep IgG was commercially obtained. In the course of colloidal gold sol titration experiments differences not only between antibody species but also between differently purified rabbit IgG were observed. While affinity purified rabbit IgG was not able to stabilise colloidal gold particles, antibodies obtained by ammonium sulphate precipitation resulted in a stable gold conjugate suitable for application in Lateral Flow Assays. This work compares and discusses the impact of antibody pre-treatment on further conjugation capacity.

Authors : Rudolf Judith, Führer Manuela, Galler Brigitte, Ansari Parisa, Hasenhindl Christoph, Baumgartner Sabine,

(10) Use of egg yolk antibody (IgY) as an immunoanalytical tool in the detection of Indian cobra (Naja naja naja) venom in biological samples of forensic origin.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :16846624
Publication Date : //
An immunoglobulin Y (IgY) based indirect double antibody sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for the detection of Indian cobra (Naja naja naja) venom in the biological samples of forensic origin. Polyclonal antibodies were raised and purified from chick egg yolk and rabbit serum. The cobra venom was sandwiched between immobilized affinity purified IgY and the rabbit IgG. The detection concentration of cobra venom was in the range of 0.1 to 300ng. The calibration plot was based on linear regression analysis (y=0.2581x+0.4375, r(2)=0.9886). The limit of detection of the assay was found to be 0.1ng. The coefficient of variation (CV) of different concentrations of working range in inter (n=6) and intra-assay (n=6) was observed to be less than 10%. The recovery of venom was found to be in the range of 80-99%, when different concentrations (0.002, 0.1, 0.2, 1, and 2microg) of cobra venom were spiked to pooled normal human serum (ml(-1)). No cross reactivity was observed with krait and viper venom in the immunoassay system in the concentration range of 0.1-1000ng. The method was initially, validated by analyzing specimens (autopsy) of experimental rats injected with cobra venom (1.2mgkg(-1) body mass). Further, human specimens (autopsy and biopsy) of snake bite victims of forensic origin were also analyzed. The methodology developed may find diagnostic application in forensic laboratories.

Authors : Brunda G, Sashidhar R B, Sarin R K,