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Ovalbumin, denatured, Clone 094_07, Mab anti_Chicken; ELISA_WB

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[#HYB094-07] Ovalbumin, denatured, Clone 094_07, Mab anti_Chicken; ELISA_WB


HYB094-07 | Ovalbumin, denatured, Clone 094_07, Mab anti_Chicken; ELISA_WB, 200 µg.
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(1) Freezing and thawing of bone marrow-derived murine dendritic cells with subsequent retention of immunophenotype and of antigen processing and presentation characteristics.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :12191518
Publication Date : //
Murine dendritic cells (DCs) are widely used for experimental vaccinations in mouse models. A high-yield method for freezing and thawing batches of these cells, if compatible with retention of cell immunophenotype, would reduce the time required for repeated preparations from DC precursors in bone marrow (BM), as well as variability among lots. Following depletion of specific lineages, murine bone marrow cells from C57BL/6 inbred-strain mice were grown in medium containing 10% fetal calf serum (FCS) and granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF); after 6 days, large numbers of immature DCs were obtained. The immature cells were frozen in complete medium with GM-CSF and 10% DMSO, at a cell density of 5x10(6) DCs/ml. After thawing, 80% of DCs survived; they were induced to mature by addition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In comparison with fresh DCs, the thawed DCs had similar morphology, purity, and expression of class I (H-2D(b) and H-2K(b)) and class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) proteins, as well as CD11b, CD11c, CD40, CD80, and CD86 molecules. Freeze-thawing did not affect trafficking to T cell areas of spleen, nor reduce the capacity to stimulate an alloresponse. Frozen-thawed cells were also proficient at uptake, processing, and presentation of native or denatured ovalbumin (OVA) protein to a peptide-specific T cell hybridoma, and were able to induce T cell responses in vivo after being loaded with denatured OVA protein. The ability to freeze and thaw DCs, and to obtain high yields without altering their essential properties, will facilitate future immunotherapy experiments in laboratory mouse models.

Authors : Sai Tao, Milling Simon W F, Mintz Beatrice,

(2) Polymorphism in the beta chain of IAq versus IAp influences presentation of protein but not peptide antigens.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :7553884
Publication Date : //
T cells play a critical role in the development of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Immunization with heterologous (chick) type II collagen (cII) results in chronic inflammation with progressive damage to the joints. The expression of specific MHC Class II alpha beta dimers, including IAq, is critical to induction of disease. The alpha chains of IAq and IAp are identical in sequence. The IAq and IAp beta chains differ by only four amino acid residues: 85, 86, 88, and 89. However, mice of the H-2p haplotype are not susceptible to CIA. To examine the impact of these structural differences in IA molecules on T cell Ag recognition, we studied presentation of cII peptides and denatured cII by APCs obtained from H-2q and H-2p mice. We also assessed presentation of ovalbumin, myelin basic protein (MBP), and MBP peptides by these APC populations. H-2q APCs presented both peptides and proteins to our T cell hybrids. In contrast, APCs obtained from H-2p mice presented peptides, but were defective in the processing and/or presentation of protein Ags. We then altered pairs of the residues in IAq to those found in IAp using site-directed mutagenesis and transfected these constructs into M 12.C3 B cells. All transfectants were able to present peptides, but those expressing IAp were unable to present protein Ags. The use of transfectants expressing hybrid molecules (residues 85 and 86 from IAp, 88 and 89 from IAq, or vice versa) allowed us to localize the region responsible for this defect to residues 85 and 86 of the beta chain. The presence of IAp residues (glu and thr versus gly and val in IAq) at these sites severely compromised the capacity for protein presentation. Resistance to CIA in H-2p haplotype mice may be a reflection of the limited repertoire of epitopes to which these mice can respond relative to susceptible H-2q mice.

Authors : Lambert L E, Berling J S, Thompson S D, Harton J A, Bishop G A, Choi E,

(3) Characterization of fibroblasts with a unique defect in processing antigens with disulfide bonds.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :7995932
Publication Date : //
A chinese hamster ovary (CHO) fibroblast, transfected with murine MHC class II genes, inefficiently stimulated CD4+ Th cells specific for OVA, hen egg lysozyme (HEL), and pork insulin which contain disulfide bonds. However, the fibroblasts elicited a T cell response to lambda repressor, which lacks disulfide bonds, and efficiently presented synthetic peptides. A somatic cell hybrid WALC, generated by fusing the hamster fibroblast with a murine L cell fibroblast, very efficiently processed OVA and HEL, suggesting that impaired processing was genetically complemented and was a recessive trait. The hamster fibroblasts were capable of processing two distinct denatured forms of OVA and carboxymethylated HEL, either as effectively or more efficiently than the B lymphoma cell. The CHO cells also displayed diminished disulfide reduction of an endocytosed [125I]tyramine linked to poly-(D-lysine) through a disulfide spacer compared with that of the cell hybrid, providing direct evidence for defective reductive cleavage by the CHO cells. Diminished aspartic acid-mediated proteolysis of Ag could not account for the phenotype, because cell lysates and separated organelles from the fibroblast possessed higher acidic aspartyl proteolytic activity than lysates and organelles from a B lymphoma cell. Thus, CHO cells exhibit a defect in processing Ag with disulfide bonds which is consistent with the impaired intracellular reduction of the disulfide bonds in endocytosed macromolecules.

Authors : Merkel B J, Mandel R, Ryser H J, McCoy K L,

(4) Requirement of certain epitope specificities of glycosylation inhibiting factor for the suppression of in vivo IgE and IgG antibody responses.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :1373642
Publication Date : //
The ovalbumin (OVA)-specific T cell hybridoma 71B1, which constitutively secretes glycosylation inhibiting factor (GIF) and is specific for the immunogenic epitope represented by amino acids 323-339 in the OVA molecules, failed to form GIF having affinity for nominal antigen upon stimulation with OVA-pulsed antigen-presenting cells (APC). However, the GIF produced by the antigen-stimulated 71B1 cells bound to the mAb 14-12, which is specific for the antigen-binding chain of effector type suppressor T cell factor (TseF), and to mAb specific for TCR. The GIF constitutively released from unstimulated 71B1 cells failed to bind to any of these antibodies. Gel filtration of GIF preparations showed that the 14-12+ GIF from the antigen-stimulated 71B1 cells are composed of 80-100 and 25-35 kDa species, while the GIF from unstimulated cells was 12-15 kDa. Reduction and alkylation treatment of the GIF from the antigen-stimulated cells resulted in the disappearance of the 80-100 and 25-35 kDa GIF, which was accompanied by the formation of the 12-15 kDa GIF. Thus, the GIF from the antigen-stimulated 71B1 cells was similar to the previously described OVA-binding GIF from the 231F1 cells with respect to their antigenic structures and molecular size, and both factors appear to be composed of the 14-12+ polypeptide chain and 12-15 kDa non-specific GIF. However, the GIF from the antigen-stimulated 71B1 cells lacked affinity for the native OVA or synthetic peptide 323-339, and failed to suppress the in vivo antibody response to dinitrophenyl (DNP)-OVA. In contrast, the OVA-binding GIF has affinity for native OVA and the peptide 307-317, to which the cell source of the factor is specific, and suppressed the in vivo anti-hapten antibody response to DNP-OVA. The results suggest that formation of antigen-specific TsF is confined to T cells with certain epitope specificities. It was also found that the OVA-binding GIF failed to suppress the in vivo anti-hapten antibody response to DNP-conjugates of urea-denatured OVA (UD-OVA), which does not bind OVA-binding GIF. However, APC pulsed with UD-OVA appear to express the epitope 307-317 for which the OVA-binding GIF has affinity. The results collectively suggest that the affinity of GIF for an immunizing antigen, rather than processed antigen, is required for immunosuppression.

Authors : Yamaguchi K, Mori A, Ohno H, Tagaya Y, Ishizaka K,

(5) Interleukin 2 responsive T cell clones from rheumatoid and normal subjects: proliferative responses to connective tissue elements.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :2464452
Publication Date : //
In vivo-activated interleukin 2 responsive T cell clones were generated from peripheral blood (PB) and synovial fluid (SF) of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and from normal control PB. The specificity of these clones was assessed by measuring proliferation induced by the connective tissue elements (CTE) collagen types I and II, native and denatured, proteoglycans, and irrelevant control antigens. The cloned T cells from RA patients but not from normal subjects responded in vitro with proliferation to all CTE but not to control antigens purified protein derivative, ovalbumin, or lysozyme. Proliferation occurred in the presence and absence of accessory cells (AC), but the responses were consistently higher in the presence of AC. Antibodies to HLA-DR abrogated the proliferative response to CTE suggesting that DR expression was necessary for the induction of proliferation. These findings demonstrate the existence of clonable T cells responsive to CTE in PB and SF of RA patients. Expression of reactivity to CTE may contribute to the chronicity of the inflammation in RA.

Authors : Ofosu-Appiah W A, Warrington R J, Wilkins J A,

(6) Screening of monoclonal antibodies using antigens labeled with acetylcholinesterase: application to the peripheral proteins of photosystem 1.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :3284414
Publication Date : //
An original immunoenzymatic screening method, based on the use of antigens labeled with the stable enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC, is described. The high turnover of this enzyme results in a very sensitive detection of antibodies. In this method, monoclonal antibodies from the supernatants of hybridoma cultures are immobilized on a solid phase coated with anti-mouse immunoglobulins and react simultaneously with the appropriate antigen labeled with biotin molecules. In a second step, biotinylated acetylcholinesterase is in turn associated to the system via avidin interactions and subsequently detected by a colorimetric assay. The method appears more sensitive and easier to use than either the corresponding radioimmunological test using a 125I-iodinated antigen or the same type of enzymatic immunoassay performed with biotinylated horseradish peroxidase instead of biotinylated AChE. The combined use of microtiter plates, solid-phase separation, and colorimetric detection allows a high level of automation of the method which makes it very efficient to process a large number of samples. This technique has been successfully applied to the screening of monoclonal antibodies directed against peripheral proteins of the photosystem 1 (PS1) membrane complex in photosynthesis. A complete set of antibodies recognizing these PS1 components was selected. The same technique was also tested in competition immunoassays and appears to be a very precise and useful tool for quantifying PS1 polypeptides in different biological extracts, including sodium dodecyl sulfate-denatured membranes. This can be of special interest for studying the biogenesis of membrane complexes.

Authors : Grassi J, Frobert Y, Lamourette P, Lagoutte B,

(7) A method for the analysis of a large number of specific and multispecific B cell hybridomas derived from primary immunized lymph nodes.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :3494661
Publication Date : //
A previously described efficient short term immunization protocol enables analysis of the specificities of large numbers of monoclonal antibodies in murine lymph nodes. In this paper we measure the B cell responses against two highly immunogenic antigens, rat type II collagen (NRC) and chick ovalbumin (OVA), as well as against the poorly immunogenic denatured rat type II collagen (DRC). We found that relatively large numbers of specific B cell hybridomas could be produced after immunization with NRC (28%) and lower numbers with OVA (6%) and DRC (3%). However, in all immunizations there were also generated large numbers of hybridomas producing multispecific antibodies (5-15%). The multispecificity was sustained when the hybridomas were subcloned. These results show that large numbers of immunogen-reactive hybridomas can easily be obtained with the present method. They also show that different immunogens differ in their immunogenicity. The very high efficiency of native type II collagen to induce an antibody response, which is widely crossreactive with autologous type II collagen, could possibly be explained if it is assumed that the natural occurring repertoire is based on stimulation of autoantigens.

Authors : Holmdahl R, Andersson M, Jansson L,

(8) Antigen recognition by H-2-restricted T cells. I. Cell-free antigen processing.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :6193218
Publication Date : //
We examined the ability of a set of cloned chicken ovalbumin (cOVA)-specific, Id-restricted, T cell hybridomas to produce interleukin-2 in response to cOVA presented by the Ia+ B cell lymphoma line, A20-2J. Although viable A20-2J cells presented native, denatured, and fragmented cOVA more or less equally well, A20-2J cells that were glutaraldehyde-fixed could present only enzymatically or chemically fragmented cOVA. These results suggest that antigen fragmentation may be both necessary and sufficient to define accessory cell processing of soluble antigens so that they may be recognized in association with I-region molecules by T cells.

Authors : Shimonkevitz R, Kappler J, Marrack P, Grey H,