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Camel Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) ELISA kit, Species Camel, Sample Type serum, plasma

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[#CSB-E12708Ca] Camel Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) ELISA kit, Species Camel, Sample Type serum, plasma


CSB-E12708Ca | Camel Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) ELISA kit, Species Camel, Sample Type serum, plasma, 96T
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(1) Positive Effect of Fermented Camel Milk on Liver Enzymes of Adolescents with Metabolic Syndrome: a Double Blind, Randomized, Cross-over Trial.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29670474
Publication Date : //
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has several health consequences. Liver enzymes elevation is among them.

Authors : Fallah Zahra, Feizi Awat, Hashemipour Mahin, Kelishadi Roya,

(2) Early identification of pneumonia patients at increased risk of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection in Saudi Arabia.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29550445
Publication Date : //
The rapid and accurate identification of individuals who are at high risk of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection remains a major challenge for the medical and scientific communities. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a risk prediction model for the screening of suspected cases of MERS-CoV infection in patients who have developed pneumonia.

Authors : Ahmed Anwar E, Al-Jahdali Hamdan, Alshukairi Abeer N, Alaqeel Mody, Siddiq Salma S, Alsaab Hanan, Sakr Ezzeldin A, Alyahya Hamed A, Alandonisi Munzir M, Subedar Alaa T, Aloudah Nouf M, Baharoon Salim, Alsalamah Majid A, Al Johani Sameera, Alghamdi Mohammed G,

(3) Hepatoprotective Effect of Camel Milk on Poloxamer 407 Induced Hyperlipidaemic Wistar Rats.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29362609
Publication Date : //
To investigate the effect of oral administration of camel milk on liver enzymes, total proteins and histology of poloxamer 407 induced hyperlipidaemic wistar rats.

Authors : Zuberu Jibril, Saleh Malajiya I A, Alhassan Abdul Wahab, Adamu Bello Y, Aliyu Munira, Iliya Bilkisu T,

(4) Influence of camel milk on the hepatitis C virus burden of infected patients.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :28413471
Publication Date : //
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents a world health problem and no protective vaccine or effective drug currently exists. For economic reasons, many patients use traditional medicines to control the infection. In Egypt, camel milk is one of the traditional medicines widely consumed by patients infected with HCV. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of camel milk in the treatment of patients infected with HCV. Whole camel milk from a local farm was administered to patients for 4 months (250 ml/day/patient). Patient sera were collected prior to and following camel milk drinking, and three markers were set-up for sera-evaluation. The three markers indicating the effect of camel milk on HCV infection were: Liver function assays [alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)]; a viral load assay; and anti-HCV antibodies profile and isotyping against synthetic HCV epitopes. Camel milk demonstrated the ability to improve general fatigue, health and liver function (ALT and AST levels); ALT was reduced in ~88% of patients and AST was reduced in all patients subsequent to drinking camel milk for four months. The majority of patients responded positively to camel milk treatment; RNA viral load decreased in 13 out of the 17 patients (76.47%) and one patient exhibited undetected viremia following camel milk treatment. The anti-HCV antibodies profile and isotyping were significantly decreased (P<0.05) in immunoglobulin (Ig)G1 following treatment in 70-76% of patients. However, the treatment was ineffective in 23.53% of patients who experienced no reduction in RNA viral load following treatment with camel milk. In conclusion, whole camel milk treatment demonstrated efficacy ; the viral load in the majority of patient sera was reduced and the IgG isotype profile was converted to Th1 immunity.

Authors : El-Fakharany Esmail Mohamad, El-Baky Nawal Abd, Linjawi Mustafa Hassan, Aljaddawi Abdullah Abdelhafiz, Saleem Tahya Hussein, Nassar Ahmed Yassine, Osman Ashraf, Redwan Elrashdy Moustafa,

(5) Dystocia in dromedary camels: Prevalence, forms, risks and hematobiochemical changes.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :27211280
Publication Date : //
The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence of dystocia in camel herds, its forms in primi- and multipara, the risks to fetus and dam, and the associated hematobiochemical changes. A total of 1890 calvings were surveyed for the prevalence of dystocia. Cases with dystocia (n=107) were examined for causes and treated with traction, fetotomy or Cesarean section. Logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors. The dependent variables were the fetal and maternal mortality, while the independent variables were parity, duration of dystocia, causes of dystocia, and method of treatment. Blood samples were collected from all dystocia camels and six controls for hematology and concentrations of serum amyloid A (SAA), haptoglobin (Hp), estradiol-17β (E2), progesterone (P4), total protein, albumin, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). The overall prevalence of dystocia was 8.6%. Risk of dystocia was higher in camels managed in an intensive system than in those in a free system (Odds ratio=1.9, P=0.0003) and higher in primipara than in multipara (Odds ratio 1.7, P=0.005). Abnormal posture was the most important cause of dystocia (51.4%). Uterine torsion was the second most important cause (23.4%) and was mainly observed in multipara (P=0.0006). Dystocia was linked to high fetal mortality (87.9%). A significant relationship was found between fetal death and duration of dystocia (Odds ratio=8.04, P=0.005). The percentage of dam mortality was 17.8%. Significant associations were detected between dam mortality rate and the duration of dystocia (Odds ratio=4.74, P=0.03) and fetal viability (Odds ratio=5.82, P=0.02). Increasing duration of dystocia was associated with significant increases in SAA, Hp, BUN and AST, but with decreases in E2 (P<0.05). After a transient period of elevation, the white blood cell and neutrophil counts decreased (P<0.05). In conclusion, abnormal posture and uterine torsion were found to be the common causes of dystocia in dromedary camels, and fetal and maternal deaths were mainly associated with the duration of dystocia.

Authors : Ali Ahmed, Derar Derar, Tharwat Mohamed, Zeitoun Moustafa M, Alsobyil Fahd A,

(6) Camel milk beneficial effects on treating gentamicin induced alterations in rats.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :25544839
Publication Date : //
The potential effect of camel milk (CM) against gentamicin (GM) induced biochemical changes in the rat serum was evaluated. Four groups of six albino rats were used for control, CM fed, injected with GM(i.p.), and then fed and injected with GM. The results showed that the administration of GM significantly altered the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in rat serum. CM restored these parameters to almost their normal range in group IV. Additionally, the present study showed that injection of rats with gentamicin caused an increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity while the antioxidant enzymes like superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione s-transferase (GST) activity decreased significantly (P ≤ 0.05). Administration of CM significantly (P ≤ 0.05) inhibited the formation of MDA and activity of MPO and upregulated the antioxidant enzymes (SOD and GST) activity. The overall findings of this study demonstrated that pretreatment with CM gave protection against GM induced hepatic damage possibly by inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammation, and hence camel milk can be identified as a new therapeutic agent.

Authors : Al-Asmari Abdulrahman K, Abbasmanthiri R, Al-Elewi Abdulrahman M, Al-Omani Saud, Al-Asmary Saeed, Al-Asmari Sarah A,

(7) Oxidative stress and trace elements in camel (Camelus dromedarius) with liver cystic echinococcosis.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :22293149
Publication Date : //
Status of certain oxidative stress indices and zinc, copper and iron concentrations in blood were estimated in camel with liver cystic echinococcosis. In comparison to healthy control, the index of serum lipid peroxidation assessed by the malondialdehyde (MDA) level was significantly higher in the parasitized group. However, mean serum total antioxidant status (TAS) and erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase (GPx) were significantly lower in the parasitized group. Serum zinc concentration in camels with liver cystic echinococcosis was significantly lower than healthy control. In parasitized camels, a significant positive correlation of MDA with gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and bilirubin was observed. By contrast, MDA was inversely correlated with the values of packed cell volume (PCV), serum albumin and zinc. From the present study, it was concluded that cystic echinococcosis in camel is associated with oxidative stress. The resulting oxidative stress seems to have a role in the injury of hepatocytes, changes of trace elements and destruction of erythrocytes.

Authors : Heidarpour M, Mohri M, Borji H, Moghdass E,

(8) Some biochemical characteristics and preservation of epididymal camel spermatozoa (Camelus dromedarius).[TOP]

Pubmed ID :21762979
Publication Date : //
Testicles were isolated from thirty five apparently healthy dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius), aged between 5 to 18 years, in a local slaughterhouse during the rutting season. Epididymal fluid was collected from one epididymis for determination of twelve biochemical and antioxidant parameters using ELISA commercial kits. Spermatozoa were harvested from each region of the other epididymis (head, body and tail) and stored in SHOTOR®, Green buffer® + 20% egg yolk and INRA-96® extenders at 5 and 30 °C. Results revealed that, in the epididymal fluid, concentrations of testosterone, glucose, albumin, total protein, cholesterol, fatty acids, iron, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were 5.19 ± 1.69 ng/mL, 3.10 ± 0.41 mmol/L, 6.26 ± 1.26 g/dL, 0.50 ± 0.07 mg/dL, 1.74 ± 0.09 mmol/L, 6.62 ± 0.81 nmol/ul, 926.20 ± 100.18 ug/dL, 51.17 ± 7.74 mIU/ml, and 143.16 ± 18.67 mIU/ml, respectively. The antioxidants activities of catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the epididymal fluid were 121.55 ± 6.57 nmol/min/ml, 59.35 ± 10.98 nmol/min/ml and 0.18 ± 0.03 U/ml, respectively. Epididymal sperm motility and concentration were higher (P < 0.05) in the body and tail than the head. The viability indices of total and forward sperm motility, at 5 and 30 °C, obtained from the tail region were superior (P < 0.05) in both SHOTOR® and INRA-96® extenders than Green buffer extender. It may be concluded that INRA-96® extender is the best for storing dromedary epididymal spermatozoa at 5 and 30 °C.

Authors : Waheed M M, Al-Eknah M M, El-Bahr S M,

(9) Protective effect of partially purified 35 kDa protein from silk worm (Bombyx mori) fecal matter against carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity and in vitro anti-viral properties.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :20738178
Publication Date : //
It has been found that many proteins from silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) fecal matter have been active against human immunodeficiency virus, Sendai virus, herpes simplex virus type-1, and nuclear polyhedrosis virus.

Authors : Raghavendra Ramappa, Neelagund Shivayogeeswar, Kuluvar Gouthamchandra, Bhanuprakash Veerakyathappa, Revanaiah Yogisharadhya,

(10) Plasma biochemistry of ostrich (Struthio camelus): effects of anticoagulants and comparison with serum.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :19011988
Publication Date : //
The effects of various types of anticoagulants on plasma biochemistry were studied in man and various animals, but limited information is existing for ostrich plasma biochemistry. Ten clinically healthy ostrich were blood sampled in different tubes containing each anticoagulant and plain tube for harvesting plasma and serum. The concentrations of glucose, cholesterol, uric acid, creatinine, total protein, albumin, calcium, inorganic phosphorus, and magnesium and the activity of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) were measured. The concentrations of glucose, uric acid, total protein, and calcium were significantly lower in citrated plasma than that of serum. For dilution corrected citrated plasma significant differences were only seen for the concentration of uric acid. Most parameters did not show any differences, but significant increase were seen for glucose, total protein, albumin, and phosphorus concentrations when heparin was used as an anticoagulant.

Authors : Mohri M, Narenji Sani R, Masoodi R,