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ELISA Kit for Six Transmembrane Epithelial Antigen Of The Prostate 2 (STEAP2)

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[#E97122Hu] ELISA Kit for Six Transmembrane Epithelial Antigen Of The Prostate 2 (STEAP2)


E97122Hu | ELISA Kit for Six Transmembrane Epithelial Antigen Of The Prostate 2 (STEAP2), 96T/Kit
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(1) Bisphenol A-Induced Endocrinotoxicity and Male Reprotoxicopathy is Modulated by the Dietary Iron Deficiency.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29779488
Publication Date : //
Bisphenol A (BPA) is suspected to cause hormonal imbalance in humans. Dietary factors are known to bring changes in hormonal profile. In order to study chemico-biological interaction of iron deficiency on toxicity outcome of BPA exposure, we studied the modulatory effects of iron deficiency on the hormone levels in rats chronically-exposed to BPA.

Authors : Rashid Hina, Sharma Shikha, Beigh Saba, Ahmad Firoz, Raisuddin Sheikh,

(2) Does the increase in ambient CO concentration elevate allergy risks posed by oak pollen?[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29748910
Publication Date : //
Oak pollen is a major respiratory allergen in Korea, and the distribution of oak trees is expected to increase by ecological succession and climate change. One of the drivers of climate change is increasing CO, which is also known to amplify the allergy risk of weed pollen by inducing elevated allergenic protein content. However, the impact of CO concentration on tree pollen is not clearly understood due to the experimental difficulties in carrying out extended CO treatment. To study the response of pollen production of sawtooth oak trees (Quercus acutissima) to elevated levels of ambient CO, three open-top chambers at the National Institute of Forest Science in Suwon, Korea were utilized with daytime (8 am-6 pm) CO concentrations of ambient (× 1.0, ~ 400 ppm), × 1.4 (~ 560 ppm), and × 1.8 (~ 720 ppm) treatments. Each chamber had three sawtooth oak trees planted in September 2009. One or two trees per chamber matured to bloom in 2016. Five to six catkins were selected per tree and polyethylene bags were attached to collect pollen grains. The total number of catkins per tree was counted and the number and weight of pollen grains per catkin were measured. Oak allergen-Que a 1 (Allergon Co., Uppsala, Sweden)-was extracted and purified to make an ELISA kit by which the antigen levels in the pollen samples were quantified. Total pollen counts per tree of the × 1.4 and × 1.8 treatments showed significant increase of 353 and 1299%, respectively, from the × 1.0 treatment (p < 0.001). Allergenic protein contents at the × 1.4 and × 1.8 treatments also showed significant increase of 12 and 11%, respectively (p = 0.011). The × 1.8 treatment induced significant difference from the × 1.0 treatment in terms of pollen production and allergenic protein content, whereas the × 1.4 treatment showed mixed significance. In summary, the oak trees under the elevated CO levels, which are expected in the changing climate, produced significantly higher amount of pollen and allergenic protein than under the present air conditions.

Authors : Kim Kyu Rang, Oh Jae-Won, Woo Su-Young, Seo Yun Am, Choi Young-Jin, Kim Hyun Seok, Lee Wi Young, Kim Baek-Jo,

(3) Development of a recombinant σB protein based dot-ELISA for the diagnosis of avian reovirus (ARV).[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29660384
Publication Date : //
Avian reovirus (ARV) causes significant economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. The ARV proteins fall into three different classes based on their sizes:λ (large); μ (medium) and σ (small). σB, an outer capsid protein of the ARV contains group specific neutralizing epitopes and induces strong immune response in naturally infected chickens. This study describes the development of a rapid dot-enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (dot-ELISA) using recombinant σB protein antigen of 54 kDa (approx). The assay is rapid (4-5 h) and results can be read by the naked eye. Sixteen ARV positive serum samples (group A) produced strong reaction in the dot-ELISA while twenty of the ARV negative serum samples (group B) collected from SPF chickens showed no reaction. Seventy six randomly collected serum samples were tested with a commercial indirect ELISA kit and the in-house developed dot-ELISA. A total of sixty eight serum samples were found to be positive by indirect ELISA and sixty five serum samples were found to be positive by dot-ELISA. Therefore, using the commercial ELISA as the reference test, the dot-ELISA had a diagnostic sensitivity of 83.8% and specificity of 88.6%. This dot-ELISA can be used as a simple, reliable and inexpensive alternative to commercial ELISA kits for serodiagnosis of ARV where the facilities for standard ELISA are not available.

Authors : Majumder Saurav, Chauhan Tapan K S, Nandi Sukdeb, Goswami Purushottam P, Tiwari Ashok K, Dhama Kuldeep, Mishra Bishnu P, Kumar Deepak,

(4) Comparison of six commercial antigen kits for detection of Dirofilaria immitis infections in canines with necropsy-confirmed heartworm status.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29657005
Publication Date : //
Patient-side test kits for detecting antigenemia in dogs associated with sexually mature female heartworms (Dirofilaria immitis) have been available for three decades, and these tests are continually updated and improved. To define the sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of contemporary antigen detection tests against cardiopulmonary D. immitis burden, we evaluated five patient-side kits-Anigen Rapid One Step (Bio note), SNAP 4Dx Plus Test Kit (IDEXX), WITNESS Heartworm Canine Heartworm Antigen Test Kit (Zoetis), VetScan Canine Heartworm Rapid Test (Abaxis), and Solo Step CH Canine Heartworm Antigen Test (Heska), and one microplate ELISA (DiroCHEK; Zoetis), using archived canine sera divided into five subclasses of female worms (0, 1-5, 6-20, 21-40, and >40). The patient-side tests were performed once, side-by-side according to each manufacturer's protocol by personnel blinded to the D. immitis status of each dog. The overall Se and Sp of the patient-side kits was ≥97.5 and =94.0%, respectively. For samples from dogs with 1-5, 6-20, and 21-40 D. immitis, the Se was between 96 and 100%, with a slight increase in Se in dogs with ≥41 worms. The agreement between tests for all subclasses of D. immitis burden was between 99 and 100%. The Se and Sp for the ELISA compared with the necropsy results of dogs was 99 and 96%, respectively. Agreement between each patient-side test and the ELISA was between 97 and 100%. All commercially available tests can give practitioners excellent patient-side information, allowing them to make informed decisions on the need for additional diagnostic work-up before instituting new or continuing D. immitis prophylaxis.

Authors : Henry Laura G, Brunson Katherine J, Walden Heather S, Wenzlow Nanny, Beachboard Sarah E, L Barr Kelli, Long Maureen T,

(5) Effect of 6-min Walk Test on pro-BNP Levels in Patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29564533
Publication Date : //
Plasma pro-BNP (brain natriuretic peptide) levels are often elevated in response to right ventricular (RV) volume and pressure overload, parameters potentially affected by exercise. Plasma pro-BNP levels change in association with long-term changes in pulmonary hemodynamics, thereby serving as a potential biomarker in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The 6-min Walk Test (6MWT) and pro-BNP level are often checked in a single office visit. There is no universal standard for measuring Pro-BNP levels relative to the timing of the 6MWT. Based on the studies in normal subjects indicating that pro-BNP levels changes after exercise, we hypothesized that the pro-BNP might rise after the 6MWT in PAH patients, potentially impacting clinical decisions.

Authors : Pathak Vikas, Aris Robert, Jensen Brian C, Huang Wei, Ford Hubert James,

(6) Circulating miR-146a/b correlates with inflammatory cytokines in COPD and could predict the risk of acute exacerbation COPD.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29443743
Publication Date : //
The aim of this study was to investigate the predicting value of miR-146a/b for acute exacerbation chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) and COPD, and to explore their associations with inflammatory cytokines in AECOPD and stable COPD patients.One hundred six AECOPD, 122 stable COPD patients, and 110 health volunteers with age and sex matched to total COPD patients (AECOPD and stable COPD) were enrolled. Blood samples were collected from all participants. Relative expression of miR-146a/b was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), leukotriene B4 (LTB-4) expression in serum from AECOPD and stable COPD patients were assessed using commercial ELISA kit.Serum levels of miR-146a and miR-146b were down regulated in AECOPD patients compared with stable COPD patients and HCs. miR-146a and miR-146b are of good values for predicting the risk of AECOPD in HCs with AUC of 0.702 and 0.715. Additionally, miR-146a and miR-146b could distinguish AECOPD from stable COPD patients with AUC of 0.670 and 0.643. In AECOPD patients, levels of miR-146a in AECOPD patients were negatively associated with TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, and LTE-4 expression. In stable COPD patients, miR-146a expressions were negatively correlated with TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and LTE-4 levels. And, the expressions of miR-146b in AECOPD patients were negatively associated with IL-1β and LTB-4 expression. While in stable COPD patients, miR-146b expressions were only negatively correlated with TNF-α level.In conclusion, miR-146a and miR-146b were negatively correlated with inflammatory cytokines, and could be promising biomarkers for predicting the risk of AECOPD in stable COPD patients and healthy individuals.

Authors : Chen Bei-Bei, Li Zhen-Hua, Gao Shan,

(7) Evaluation of Two Commercial Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Kits for the Detection of Human Circulating Metrnl.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29398678
Publication Date : //
Metrnl is a newly discovered secreted protein with neurotrophic activity and metabolic effect, while in earlier studies its circulating level in human was not explored. We evaluated two commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits (DY7867-05, R&D Systems and SK00478-02, Aviscera Bioscience) for the detection of human circulating Metrnl. The DY7867-05 kit showed superiority over the SK00478-02 kit since it generated better curve fitting degree, smaller variation among tests, higher inter-assay reproducibility and better specificity, and could effectively detect human Metrnl in six types of blood samples. Subsequent analysis was performed using the DY7867-05 kit. Sample storage conditions were investigated. No gender difference in circulating Metrnl levels was found, while people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) had significantly lower Metrnl levels compared to the healthy controls.

Authors : Zheng Si-Li, Li Zhi-Yong, Zhang Zheng, Wang Dong-Sheng, Xu Jian, Miao Chao-Yu,

(8) Evaluation of a genus-specific ELISA and a commercial Aspergillus Western blot IgG® immunoblot kit for the diagnosis of aspergillosis in common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus).[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29228323
Publication Date : //
Aspergillosis is a fungal infection with high mortality and morbidity rates. As in humans, its definitive diagnosis is difficult in animals, and thus new laboratory tools are required to overcome the diagnostic limitations due to low specificity and lack of standardization. In this study of common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), we evaluated the diagnostic performance of a new commercial immunoblot kit that had been initially developed for the serologic diagnosis of chronic aspergillosis in humans. Using this in a quantitative approach, we first established its positive cutoff within an observation cohort of 32 serum samples from dolphins with "proven" or "probable" diagnosis of aspergillosis and 55 negative controls. A novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test was also developed for detecting anti-Aspergillus antibodies, and results were compared between the two assays. Overall, the diagnostic performance of immunoblot and ELISA were strongly correlated (P < .0001). The former showed lower sensitivity (65.6% versus 90.6%), but higher specificity (92.7% vs. 69.1%), with no cross-reaction with other fungal infections caused by miscellaneous non-Aspergillus genera. When assessing their use in a validation cohort, the immunoblot kit and the ELISA enabled positive diagnosis before mycological cultures in 42.9% and 33.3% subjects addressed for suspicion of aspergillosis, respectively. There was also significant impact of antifungal treatment on the results of the two tests (P < .05). In all, these new serological methods show promise in aiding in the diagnosis of aspergillosis in dolphins, and illustrate the opportunity to adapt commercial reagents directed for human diagnostics to detect similar changes in other animals.

Authors : Desoubeaux Guillaume, Le-Bert Carolina, Fravel Vanessa, Clauss Tonya, Delaune Alexa J, Soto Jeny, Jensen Eric D, Flower Jennifer E, Wells Randall, Bossart Gregory D, Cray Carolyn,

(9) Longitudinal assessment of anti-PGL-I serology in contacts of leprosy patients in Bangladesh.[TOP]

Pubmed ID :29228004
Publication Date : //
Despite elimination efforts, the number of Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae) infected individuals who develop leprosy, is still substantial. Solid evidence exists that individuals living in close proximity to patients are at increased risk to develop leprosy. Early diagnosis of leprosy in endemic areas requires field-friendly tests that identify individuals at risk of developing the disease before clinical manifestation. Such assays will simultaneously contribute to reduction of current diagnostic delay as well as transmission. Antibody (Ab) levels directed against the M.leprae-specific phenolic glycolipid I (PGL-I) represents a surrogate marker for bacterial load. However, it is insufficiently defined whether anti-PGL-I antibodies can be utilized as prognostic biomarkers for disease in contacts. Particularly, in Bangladesh, where paucibacillary (PB) patients form the majority of leprosy cases, anti-PGL-I serology is an inadequate method for leprosy screening in contacts as a directive for prophylactic treatment.

Authors : Richardus Renate A, van der Zwet Konrad, van Hooij Anouk, Wilson Louis, Oskam Linda, Faber Roel, van den Eeden Susan J F, Pahan David, Alam Khorshed, Richardus Jan Hendrik, Geluk Annemieke,


Pubmed ID :29227276
Publication Date : //
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the autosomal-recessive disorder caused by mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene (CFTR). The Airway inflammation plays a central role in the progression of CF disease. Cystic fibrosis characterized by the overproduction of the pro-inflammatory cytokines and reduced expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines. Although the mechanisms of abnormal cytokine expression is still poorly understood, altered epigenetic regulations in T cells might contribute. In the present study we examined the expression of IFN-γ and IL-10 by CF T cells prior to and following 5-azaC treatment. In addition we investigated DNMTs levels in nuclear extracts of CD4+ T cells derived from CF and non-CF individuals. Seven CF patients (age: 5-12 years) were included in the study and compared to six age-matched healthy subjects (age: 6- 13 years). CD4+ T cells were isolated from PBMC using CD4 MicroBead kit (Miltenyi Biotec GmbH) and were cultured in RPMI 1640 medium at 37°C with 5% CO2, in presence or absence of 5-azacytidine. Concentrations of IL-10 and γ-INF in CD4+ T Cells were measured by ELISA (eBoiscience, san Diego, CA, USA). In our study we showed that 5 Azacytidine alters nuclear levels of DNMT 3a as well as modulates cytokine levels in CD4+ T cells derived from CF patients. After 5-azaC treatment secretion of IFN-γ was significantly decreased in CF T cells, while amount of IL-10 was elevated by ~2.5 times compared to untreated controls (P<0.05). In summary, data presented in this report demonstrates that epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation may be considered as a one of the potential therapeutic target in a treatment of Cystic Fibrosis.

Authors : Kvaratskhelia E, Dabrundashvili N, Gagua M, Maisuradze E, Kamkamidze M, Abzianidze E,